This week's list of studies boast a wide range of topics including links between our nerves and food intake, links between milk consumption and cholesterol levels or how game-based physical activities help diabetes patients.
Check out the highlights:
Same nerve cell -- Different influence on food intake
The nerve cells, also called neurons, in our brain control all the basic processes of our body. For this reason, there are different types of neurons distributed over specific regions of the brain. Researchers have now developed an approach that allows them to show that neurons that are supposedly the same are actually very different: they not only sense different hormones for the body's energy state, but also have a different influence on food intake. This can have a direct effect on our metabolism, for example by differentially restraining our appetite.
A complex link between body mass index and Alzheimer's
Study finds combined genetic risk, lower BMI predict disease progression
Though obesity in midlife is linked to an increased risk for Alzheimer's disease, new research suggests that a high body mass index later in life doesn't necessarily translate to greater chances of developing the brain disease.
Source: Ohio State University
Taking more steps daily may lead to a longer life
Taking more steps per day, either all at once or in shorter spurts, may help you live longer. The benefits of more daily steps occurred with both uninterrupted bouts of steps (10 minutes or longer) and short spurts such as climbing stairs.
Source: American Heart Association
Bile acids trigger satiety in the brain
Scientists have discovered a new role for bile acids: they curb appetite by entering the brain. Their findings provide new insights into the signals and mechanisms by which satiety is controlled and may have implications for treating obesity.
Source: Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne
No link between milk and increased cholesterol according to new study of 2 million people
Regular consumption of milk is not associated with increased levels of cholesterol, according to new research of nearly 2 million people.
Source: University of Reading
How tendons become stiffer and stronger
Researchers deciphered the cellular mechanisms through which tendons can adapt to mechanical stresses. People who carry a certain variant of a gene that is key to this mechanism show improved jumping performance.
Source: ETH Zurich
Game on: Game-based program boosts physical activity among diabetes patients
Researchers showed that adding gamification with either competition or support increased physical activity for patients with Type 2 diabetes.
Source: University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Study finds women with osteoporosis and low bone density are at increased risk of hearing loss
Bisphosphonates, commonly prescribed to reduce bone fracture risks, were not shown to alter likelihood of hearing loss
Researchers found that risk of subsequent moderate or worse hearing loss was up to 40 percent higher in study participants with osteoporosis or LBD.
Source: Brigham and Women's Hospital
Proteomics reveals how exercise increases the efficiency of muscle energy production
By applying mass spectrometry, scientists provide some of the most detailed data on how mitochondrial proteins cluster into supercomplexes - a process that makes mitochondria more efficient at producing energy.
Source: University of Copenhagen - The Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences
Amazon indigenous group's lifestyle may hold a key to slowing down aging
Tsimane people are unique for their healthy brains that age more slowly
The Tsimane indigenous people of the Bolivian Amazon experience less brain atrophy than their American and European peers. The decrease in their brain volumes with age is 70% slower than in Western populations.
Source: University of Southern California
Aging: Clinical trial on potential reversal of epigenetic age using a diet and lifestyle
A randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted among 43 healthy adult males between the ages of 50-72. The 8-week treatment program included diet, sleep, exercise and relaxation guidance, and supplemental probiotics and phytonutrients.
Source: Impact Journals LLC
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