Trainers who train kids, trainers who have clients with life altering conditions like obesity or Type 2 diabetes and even trainers who are somewhat geeks and love some tech will all find last week's published papers useful.
Fatty acid may help combat multiple sclerosis, study finds
The abnormal immune system response that causes multiple sclerosis (MS) by attacking and damaging the central nervous system can be triggered by the lack of a specific fatty acid in fat tissue, according to a new study. The finding suggests that dietary change might help treat some people with the autoimmune disease.
Source: Yale University
Alcohol consumption linked to portion of cancer incidence and mortality, report shows
Findings call for implementation of policies and cancer control efforts to reduce alcohol consumption
A new study finds that alcohol consumption accounts for a considerable portion of cancer incidence and mortality in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.
Source: American Cancer Society
Successive governments' approach to obesity policies has destined them to fail
Government obesity policies in England over the past three decades have largely failed because of problems with implementation, lack of learning from past successes or failures, and a reliance on trying to persuade individuals to change their behavior rather than tackling unhealthy environments.
Source: University of Cambridge
Clumsy kids can be fit too
Aerobic fitness doesn't go hand in hand with motor skills
Clumsy kids can be as aerobically fit as their peers with better motor skills, a new study shows.
Source: University of Jyväskylä - Jyväskylän yliopisto
Fried food intake linked to heightened serious heart disease and stroke risk
Risk rises with each additional weekly 114 g serving, pooled data analysis shows
Fried-food intake is linked to a heightened risk of major heart disease and stroke, finds a pooled analysis of the available research data.
Vegan diet significantly remodels metabolism in young children
Statuses of Vitamin D and A require special attention
Researchers report a comprehensive pilot study on the metabolic effects of full vegan diet on young children. The study found vegan children to have remarkably altered metabolism and lower vitamin A and D status compared to children with no special diet.
Source: University of Helsinki
What happens to your body during tailgating
Researchers simulated a tailgating situation with a small group of overweight but healthy men and examined the impact of the eating and drinking on their livers using blood tests and a liver scan.
Source: University of Missouri-Columbia
Mitochondrial mutation increases the risk of diabetes in Japanese men
A new study of Type 2 diabetes (T2D) in Japanese populations has uncovered a previously uncharacterized genetic variant that puts male carriers at greater risk for the disease, as well as the mechanism by which it does so. The impact of the variant was most pronounced in sedentary men; those with the variant had a 65% greater rate of T2D than sedentary men without it.
Source: University of Southern California
Using VR training to boost our sense of agency and improve motor control
Patients with motor dysfunctions are on the rise across Japan as its population continues to age. A researcher has developed a new method of rehabilitation using virtual reality to increase the sense of agency over our body and aid motor skills.
Source: Tohoku University
Study compares low-fat, plant-based diet to low-carb, animal-based diet
People on a low-fat, plant-based diet ate fewer daily calories but had higher insulin and blood glucose levels, compared to when they ate a low-carbohydrate, animal-based diet, according to a small but highly controlled study. The study compared the effects of the two diets on calorie intake, hormone levels, body weight, and more.
Source: NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Exercising muscle combats chronic inflammation on its own
Exercising lab-grown human muscle autonomously blocks the damaging effects of interferon gamma
Biomedical engineers have demonstrated that human muscle has an innate ability to ward off damaging effects of chronic inflammation when exercised. The discovery was made possible through the use of lab-grown, engineered human muscle, demonstrating the potential power of the first-of-its-kind platform in such research endeavors.
Source: Duke University
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