Check out this week's selection of freshly published research papers from fitness, nutrition and sports science.
Increase health benefits of exercise by working out before breakfast
Exercising before eating breakfast burns more fat, improves how the body responds to insulin and lowers people's risk of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Source: University of Bath
Potato as effective as carbohydrate gels for boosting athletic performance, study finds
Consuming potato puree during prolonged exercise works just as well as a commercial carbohydrate gel in sustaining blood glucose levels and boosting performance in trained athletes, scientists report.
Source: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, News Bureau
A secret in saliva: Food and germs helped humans evolve into unique member of great apes
Researchers discovered that the human diet -- a result of increased meat consumption, cooking and agriculture -- has led to stark differences in the saliva of humans compared to that of other primates.
Source: University at Buffalo
Exercise guidelines for cancer survivors
For the rising number of cancer survivors worldwide, there's growing evidence that exercise is an important part of recovery. But how much, and what type of exercise, is needed?
Source: University of British Columbia
Rise in testosterone level boosts young women's running capacity
A rise in the level of the male hormone testosterone significantly boosts young physically active women's capacity to run for longer, reveals a new study.
Scientists are decoding the genetic mechanisms of aging
Scientists describes the mechanisms by which longevity is regulated post-transcriptionally, or after a genetic blueprint has been transcribed from an organism's DNA. The identification of these mechanisms will serve as a road map for screening new, more specific drugs to prolong healthy lifespan. The laboratory focuses on research on regeneration and aging.
Source: Mount Desert Island Biological Laboratory
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