As we are getting closer to the holidays, the number of scientific publications is also decreasing. Here's a shortlist of research published in the past two weeks. The range of topics is pretty broad. Whether you work with senior clients, athletes, or you're just a geek, you'll find something intriguing.
Gallic acid and stretching decrease osteoarthritis markers in cartilage cells
Researchers used gallic acid, an antioxidant found in gallnuts, green tea and other plants, and applied a stretching mechanism to human cartilage cells taken from arthritic knees that mimics the stretching that occurs when walking. The combination not only decreased arthritis inflammation markers in the cells but improved the production of desired proteins normally found in healthy cartilage. While still at an early stage, the findings suggest a new procedure could be developed to treat cartilage cells extracted from a patient to grow a supply of cells or a tissue to be re-implanted.
Source: Washington State University
'Drink your peas!' Benefits of supplementing cow milk with plant protein
Scientists have developed a novel method of supplementing cow milk with vegetable protein using readily available current dairy processing equipment. A new report presents the study, which may open opportunities to create new functional, multisourced dairy products that could help bolster declining fluid milk sales in the United States.
Overweight children are developing heart complications
Youth with high BMI showed signs of artery stiffness, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease
The percentage of obese children and teens jumped from 19% pre-pandemic to 22%, and that could spell bad news for children's cardiovascular systems both now and down the line.
Source: University of Georgia
'Human-like' brain helps robot out of a maze
A maze is a popular device among psychologists to assess the learning capacity of mice or rats. But how about robots? Can they learn to successfully navigate the twists and turns of a labyrinth? Now, researchers have demonstrated they can. Their robot bases its decisions on the very system humans use to think and act: the brain. The study paves the way to exciting new applications of neuromorphic devices in health and beyond.
Source: Eindhoven University of Technology
A diet rich in plant-based products reduces the risk of cognitive impairment in the elderly
Metabolomics to study the impact of diet on health
A diet rich in plant products reduces the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia in the elderly.
Source: University of Barcelona
Imagining future guilt helps athletes turn away from doping
Appealing to athletes' sense of 'future guilt' through psychological intervention could prove a powerful weapon in the fight against doping, according to a new study.
Source: University of Birmingham
Does air pollution reduce the benefits of physical activity on the brain?
A new study shows that people who do vigorous physical activities, like jogging or playing competitive sports, in areas with higher air pollution may show less benefit from that exercise when it comes to certain markers of brain disease. The markers examined in the study included white matter hyperintensities, which indicate injury to the brain's white matter, and gray matter volume. Larger gray matter volumes and smaller white matter hyperintensity volumes are markers of overall better brain health.
Source: American Academy of Neurology
Primates vs cobras: How our last common ancestor built venom resistance
The last common ancestor of chimps, gorillas and humans developed an increased resistance toward cobra venom, according to new research.
Source: University of Queensland
A daily dose of yogurt could be the go-to food to manage high blood pressure
Whether it's a dollop on your morning cereal or a simple snack on the go, a daily dose of yogurt could be the next go-to food for people with high blood pressure, according to new research.
Source: University of South Australia
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