Yet again very interesting topics this week in the weekly round-up of fitness and nutrition science research. This week scientists were investigating Type 2 diabetes, other medical conditions, cognitive function and and their correlation to exercise, nutrition and survival skills.
More young people are choosing not to drink alcohol
Young people in England aren't just drinking less alcohol -- a new study shows that more of them are never taking up alcohol at all, and that the increase is widespread among young people.
Source: BioMed Central
Asthma may contribute to childhood obesity epidemic
Toddlers with asthma are more likely to become obese children, according to the biggest study on the matter to date.
Source: University of Southern California
Scoliosis linked to essential mineral
An inability to properly use the essential mineral manganese could be to blame for some cases of severe scoliosis, according to a new study.
Source: Washington University School of Medicine
Study firms up diet and depression link
In an unusual experiment, researchers have found that among Torres Strait Islander people the amount of fish and processed food eaten is related to depression.
Source: James Cook University
Ideal protein to help seniors rebuild lost muscle
While exercise buffs have long used protein supplements to gain muscle, new research suggests one protein source in particular, whey protein, is most effective for seniors struggling to rebuild muscle lost from inactivity associated with illness or long hospital stays.
Source: McMaster University
Seed oils are best for LDL cholesterol
Using a statistical technique called network meta-analysis, researchers have combined the results of dozens of studies of dietary oils to identify those with the best effect on patients' LDL cholesterol and other blood lipids.
Source: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Gene mutation points to new way to fight diabetes, obesity, heart disease
Researchers say they have discovered a gene mutation that slows the metabolism of sugar in the gut, giving people who have the mutation a distinct advantage over those who do not. Those with the mutation have a lower risk of diabetes, obesity, heart failure, and even death.
Source: NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
Insights on the effects of exercise on cognitive performance
A new study has looked at the details behind how cognitive performance may improve during aerobic exercise.
Cells involved in allergies also play a key role in survival
Mast cells, an important group of immune cells typically associated with allergies, actually enable the body to survive fasting or intense exercise, new research shows.
Source: University of California - Irvine