This week there are papers for all kinds of personal trainers. Whether you work with prenatal women, children, or those with lifestyle conditions, you'll find something helpful to pass on to your clients. If you're a geek like us, you see multiple findings to get you intrigued.
Here are the highlights:
A better diet helps beat depression in young men
Young men with a poor diet saw a significant improvement in their symptoms of depression when they switched to a healthy Mediterranean diet, a new study shows.
Source: University of Technology Sydney
Food insecurity risk related to diabetes later in life
Young adults who were at risk of food insecurity had increased incidence of diabetes 10 years later, according to a new study. While previous research has associated food insecurity with a range of health issues including diabetes, obesity and hypertension, this study showed a connection over time, suggesting a causal relationship. Researchers analyzed data on nearly 4,000 people from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. They found that adults ages 24-32 who said they'd been worried about food running out in the last year showed greater incidence of diabetes, either through blood glucose tests or self-reports, at ages 32-42, compared to those who did not report food insecurity risk.
Source: Washington State University
Diets high in fiber associated with less antibiotic resistance in gut bacteria
Healthy adults who eat a diverse diet with at least 8-10 grams of soluble fiber a day have fewer antibiotic-resistant microbes in their guts, according to a new study. The results lead directly to the idea that modifying the diet has the potential to be a new weapon in the fight against antimicrobial resistance. And this does not require eating some exotic diet, but eating a diverse diet, adequate in fiber, a diet that some Americans already eat.
Source: US Department of Agriculture - Agricultural Research Service
'New and improved' supermarkets trim childhood obesity in NYC
Access to newer supermarkets that offer fresh foods in some of New York City's poorest neighborhoods was linked to a 1% decline in obesity rates among public school students living nearby, a new study shows. The modernized markets were also tied to reductions of between 4% and 10% in the average student BMI-z score, a measure of body weight based on height for each age group by gender.
Source: NYU Langone Health / NYU Grossman School of Medicine
It's all in the wrist: A portable MRI system for early detection of sports injuries
To provide a convenient tool for the early detection of injuries, researchers have developed a portable MRI device for diagnosing cartilage damage in the wrist. Using this device, the researchers imaged the wrists of tennis players at a tennis school. Several athletes were found to have cartilage damage without any other symptoms of an injury. Thus, this device provides a convenient early screening tool to help prevent further injury or damage.
Source: University of Tsukuba
People choose healthier food when with outsiders for fear of being negatively judged
People are more likely to choose a healthy food option than an unhealthy food option among people from different social groups because they fear being judged negatively for their choices.
Source: City University London
Excessive sports training may have negative effects on mood
New research on road cyclists sheds light on the importance of monitoring a training session load with the use of heart rate variability measuring tools, to favor assimilation and prevent injuries, and to compare training intensity with mood states the following morning.
Source: Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona
Bacteria with recording function capture gut health status
Researchers have equipped gut bacteria with data logger functionality as a way of monitoring which genes are active in the bacteria. These microorganisms could one day offer a noninvasive means of diagnosing disease or assessing the impact of a diet on health.
Source: ETH Zurich
Large study in Botswana finds daily micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy reduces complications at birth
Results suggest iron plus folic acid and vitamins is better at reducing adverse birth outcomes compared to iron or folic acid alone
A six-year study of nearly 100,000 women in Botswana has provided new evidence that relatively inexpensive daily diet supplementation of iron, folic acid and vitamin supplementation in pregnancy can reduce complications at birth.
Source: University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
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