The latest published papers from the world of fitness, nutrition and exercise science discuss a variety of topics, including obesity drugs, a correlation between dietary advice and peanut allergy in infants, and the right proportion of fruits and veg in the 5-a-day recommendation. The geeks will also find exciting developments.
Here are the highlights:
Decrease in peanut allergy among infants after guideline changes
Changes to food allergy guidelines has led to a 16 per cent decrease in peanut allergy among infants, according to new study.
Source: Murdoch Childrens Research Institute
Anti-obesity medication shows promise in new study
Participants lost an average of 16 percent of starting weight, more than one-third lost 20 percent or more of baseline weight
Patients on a low-calorie diet along with intensive behavioral therapy lost nearly three times as much weight when taking a new anti-obesity medication, semaglutide, than when taking placebo, a new study has found.
Source: University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
The right '5-a-day' mix is 2 fruit and 3 vegetable servings for longer life
Higher consumption of fruits and vegetables is associated with a lower risk of death in men and women, according to data representing nearly 2 million adults. Five daily servings of fruits and vegetables, eaten as 2 servings of fruit and 3 servings of vegetables, may be the optimal amount and combination for a longer life. These findings support current U.S. dietary recommendations to eat more fruits and vegetables and the simple public health message '5-a-day.'
Source: American Heart Association
Deciphering the genetics behind eating disorders
By analysing the genome of tens of thousand people, a team has discovering similarities between the genetic bases of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa or binge-eating disorder, and those of psychiatric disorders. Eating disorders differ in their genetic association with anthropometric traits. Thus, genetic predisposition to certain weight traits may be a distinctive feature of anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa or binge-eating disorder.
Source: Université de Genève
Greenhouse gas emissions associated with dietary guidelines vary between countries
Greenhouse gas emissions associated with national dietary guidelines advocating a healthy diet vary greatly between countries, with US guidelines having the largest carbon footprint and India having the smallest, according to a study involving seven countries.
Source: BMC (BioMed Central)
High fat diets may over-activate destructive heart disease protein
Consumption of a high fat diet may be activating a response in the heart that is causing destructive growth and lead to greater risk of heart attacks, according to new research.
Source: University of Reading
Weight loss drug hope for patients with type 2 diabetes
Patients with type 2 diabetes that were treated with a weekly injection of the breakthrough drug Semaglutide were able to achieve an average weight loss of nearly 10kg, according to a new study.
Source: University of Leicester
Belly fat resistant to every-other-day fasting
Studies in mice show fat location matters for intermittent fasting
Scientists have mapped out what happens to fat deposits during intermittent fasting (every second day), with an unexpected discovery that some types of fat are more resistant to weight loss.
Source: University of Sydney
Green tea supplements modulate facial development of children with Down syndrome, study finds
A new study adds evidence about the potential benefits of green tea extracts in Down syndrome. Researchers observed that the intake of those extracts can reduce facial dysmorphology in children with Down syndrome when taken during the first three years of life. Additional experimental research in mice confirmed the positive effects at low doses. However, the researchers also found that high doses can disrupt facial and bone development.
Source: KU Leuven
Less inflammation with a traditional Tanzanian diet than with a Western diet
Study shows differences between western and traditional diet
Urban Tanzanians have a more activated immune system compared to their rural counterparts. The difference in diet appears to explain this difference: in the cities, people eat a more western style diet, while in rural areas a traditional diet is more common. A team of researchers believe that this increased activity of the immune system contributes to the rapid increase in non-communicable diseases in urban areas in Africa.
Source: Radboud University Medical Center
'Wearable microgrid' uses the human body to sustainably power small gadgets
This shirt harvests and stores energy from the human body to power small electronics. UC San Diego nanoengineers call it a ''wearable microgrid''-- it combines energy from the wearer's sweat and movement to provide sustainable power for wearable devices.
Source: University of California - San Diego
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