Topics this week range between how drinking affects the brain in specific periods of a lifetime, the harmful effects of obesity the longer it lasts in younger adults, and also diet modifications, including cheese and wine intake that have a positive impact on the cognitive function of older adults.
Here are the highlights:
Drinking linked to a decline in brain health from cradle to grave
Harm prevention policies must take the long view, say experts
The evidence for the harmful effects of alcohol on brain health is compelling, but now experts have pinpointed three key time periods in life when the effects of alcohol are likely to be at their greatest.
Blackcurrants are favorable for glucose metabolism
Blackcurrants have a beneficial effect on post-meal glucose response, and the required portion size is much smaller than previously thought, a new study shows.
Source: University of Eastern Finland
Household-grown food leads to improved health for children
Children grow taller in rural households where their mothers are supported to grow their own food - according to new research. The research, which looked at households in low- and middle-income countries, showed growing their own food helped mothers to prevent stunting, wasting and underweight in their children. Their children's food was more varied, meaning they had access to different classes of food nutrients.
Source: University of East Anglia
New study shows every week of lockdown increases binge drinking
Study participants who regularly drank at harmful levels shown to consume six drinks per session, compared to two alcoholic beverages for those less regular binge drinkers.
Source: Taylor & Francis Group
Warning labels reduce sugary drink consumption in university setting
A study shows that warning labels placed on sugary drinks could reduce sugar consumption in larger settings.
Source: University of California - Davis
Fish oil omega-3s EPA and DHA work differently on chronic inflammation
Small randomized trial in older adults compares benefits of the two in supplements
A small randomized study suggests the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA have different effects on chronic inflammation in older adults. Both omega-3s are found in fish oil.
Source: Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus
More years of obesity means higher risk of disease, study finds
A greater obesity duration is associated with worse values for all cardiometabolic disease factors, according to a new study.
Obesity impairs immune cell function, accelerates tumor growth
High-fat diet allows cancer cells to outcompete immune cells for fuel
A new study in mice finds that a high-fat diet allows cancer cells to outcompete immune cells for fuel, impairing immune function and accelerating tumor growth. Cancer cells do so by rewiring their metabolisms to increase fat consumption. Blocking this rewiring enhances anti-tumor immunity. The findings suggest new strategies to target cancer metabolism and improve immunotherapies.
Source: Harvard Medical School
Diet modifications - including more wine and cheese - may help reduce cognitive decline
The foods we eat may have a direct impact on our cognitive acuity in our later years, according to new research. The study is the first of its kind to connect specific foods with cognitive decline. The findings show cheese protected against age-related cognitive problems and red wine was related to improvements in cognitive function.
Source: Iowa State University